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All countries that start with F: Area, Population & GDP

Explore the world of countries that start with F and discover their unique characteristics. From their area and population to GDP, get insights into these nations’ vital statistics. Find out what makes these “F” countries stand out on the global stage with Emily E. Garrison!

Quick answer about countries that start with F

There are 8 all countries that start with F:

Country Continent Area Population GDP (nominal)
Falkland Islands (British territory) South Atlantic 12,173 km2 3,662 $96,962
Faroe Islands (Kingdom of Denmark) North Atlantic 1,393 km2 54,738 $58,585
Fiji Oceania 18,274 km2 926,276 $6,024
Finland Northern Europe 338,145 km2 5,614,571 $54,507
France Western Europe 643,801 km2 68,042,591 $46,315
French Guiana (department of France) South America 84,000 km2 301,099 N/A
French Polynesia (French overseas collectivity) South Pacific Ocean 4,167 km2 278,786 $21,615
French Southern and Antarctic Lands (territory of France) N/A 439,666.4 km2 N/A N/A

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Detailed information about all countries that start with F

Explore in-depth details about countries that start with F, from their geography and culture to economy and history. Discover fascinating facts and statistics to satisfy your curiosity about these nations.

Falkland Islands (British territory)

Falkland Islands (British territory)

  • Continent: South Atlantic
  • Capital: Stanley
  • National language: English
  • Religion: N/A
  • Area: 12,173 km2
  • Population: 3,662
  • Currency: Pound sterling
  • GDP (nominal): $96,962 Per capita

The Falkland Islands (/ˈfɔː(l)klənd, ˈfɒlk-/;[5] Spanish: Islas Malvinas [ˈislas malˈβinas]) is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 300 mi (480 km) east of South America’s southern Patagonian coast and about 752 mi (1,210 km) from Cape Dubouzet at the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, at a latitude of about 52°S. 

The archipelago, with an area of 4,700 sq mi (12,000 km2), comprises East Falkland, West Falkland, and 776 smaller islands. As a British overseas territory, the Falklands have internal self-governance, but the United Kingdom takes responsibility for their defense and foreign affairs. The capital and largest settlement is Stanley on East Falkland.

Faroe Islands (Kingdom of Denmark)

Faroe Islands (Kingdom of Denmark)
Faroe Islands (Kingdom of Denmark)
  • Continent: North Atlantic
  • Capital: Tórshavn
  • National language: Faroese – Danish
  • Religion: Christianity (Church of the Faroe Islands)
  • Area: 1,393 km2
  • Population: 54,738
  • Currency: Faroese króna
  • GDP (nominal): $58,585 Per capita

The Faroe or Faeroe Islands (/ˈfɛəroʊ/ FAIR-oh), or simply the Faroes (Faroese: Føroyar [ˈfœɹjaɹ] ⓘ; Danish: Færøerne [ˈfeɐ̯ˌøˀɐnə]), is a North Atlantic island group and an autonomous territory of the Kingdom of Denmark.

They are located 320 kilometers (200 mi) north-northwest of the United Kingdom, and about halfway between Norway (580 kilometers (360 mi) away) and Iceland (430 kilometers (270 mi) away). The islands form part of the Kingdom of Denmark, along with mainland Denmark and Greenland. The islands have a total area of about 1,400 square kilometers (540 sq mi) with a population of 54,000 as of June 2022. The capital and largest city is Tórshavn.

The terrain is rugged, and the subpolar oceanic climate (Cfc) is windy, wet, cloudy, and cool. Temperatures for such a northerly climate are moderated by the Gulf Stream, averaging above freezing throughout the year, hovering around 12 °C (54 °F) in summer and 5 °C (41 °F) in winter. The northerly latitude also results in perpetual civil twilight during summer nights and very short winter days.

Between 1035 and 1814, the Faroe Islands were part of the Kingdom of Norway, which was in a personal union with Denmark from 1380. In 1814, the Treaty of Kiel transferred Norway to Sweden, whereas Denmark kept its Atlantic territories, which included the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Iceland.

While part of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Faroe Islands have been self-governing since 1948, controlling most areas apart from military defense, policing, justice, currency, and foreign affairs. Because the Faroe Islands are not part of the same customs area as Denmark, the Faroe Islands have an independent trade policy, and can establish trade agreements with other states. 

The Faroes have an extensive bilateral free trade agreement with Iceland, known as the Hoyvík Agreement. In the Nordic Council, they are represented as part of the Danish delegation. In certain sports, the Faroe Islands field their own national teams. They did not become a part of the European Economic Community in 1973, instead keeping autonomy over their own fishing waters.

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  • Continent: Oceania
  • Capital: Suva
  • National language: iTaukei (Fijian)
  • Religion: 64.4% Christianity, 27.9% Hinduism, 6.3% Islam, 1.4% others / none
  • Area: 18,274 km2
  • Population: 926,276
  • Currency: Fijian dollar (FJD)
  • GDP (nominal): $6,024 Per capita

Fiji[n 1] (/ˈfiːdʒi/ ⓘ FEE-jee, /fiːˈdʒiː/ fee-JEE;[12] Fijian: Viti, [ˈβitʃi]; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी, Fijī), officially the Republic of Fiji,[n 2] is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean. It lies about 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) north-northeast of New Zealand. Fiji consists of an archipelago of more than 330 islands—of which about 110 are permanently inhabited—and more than 500 islets, amounting to a total land area of about 18,300 square kilometers (7,100 sq mi). 

The most outlying island group is Ono-i-Lau. About 87% of the total population of 924,610 live on the two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu’s coasts, either in the capital city of Suva, or in smaller urban centers such as Nadi (where tourism is the major local industry) or Lautoka (where the sugar-cane industry is dominant). The interior of Viti Levu is sparsely inhabited because of its terrain.

The majority of Fiji’s islands were formed by volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago. Some geothermal activity still occurs today on the islands of Vanua Levu and Taveuni. The geothermal systems on Viti Levu are non-volcanic in origin and have low-temperature surface discharges (of between roughly 35 and 60 degrees Celsius (95 and 140 °F)).

Humans have lived in Fiji since the second millennium BC—first Austronesians and later Melanesians, with some Polynesian influences. Europeans first visited Fiji in the 17th century. In 1874, after a brief period in which Fiji was an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji. Fiji operated as a Crown colony until 1970, when it gained independence and became known as the Dominion of Fiji. 

In 1987, following a series of coups d’état, the military government that had taken power declared it a republic. In a 2006 coup, Commodore Frank Bainimarama seized power. In 2009, the Fijian High Court ruled that the military leadership was unlawful. At that point, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal head of state, formally abrogated the 1997 Constitution and re-appointed Bainimarama as interim prime minister. 

Later in 2009, Ratu Epeli Nailatikau succeeded Iloilo as president. On 17 September 2014, after years of delays, a democratic election took place. Bainimarama’s FijiFirst party won 59.2% of the vote, and international observers deemed the election credible.

Fiji has one of the most developed economies in the Pacific through its abundant forest, mineral, and fish resources. The currency is the Fijian dollar, with the main sources of foreign exchange being the tourist industry, remittances from Fijians working abroad, bottled water exports, and sugar cane. The Ministry of Local Government and Urban Development supervises Fiji’s local government, which takes the form of city and town councils.



  • Continent: Northern Europe
  • Capital: Helsinki
  • National language: Finnish – Swedish
  • Religion: 68.6% Christianity, 0.9% other Christian, 30.6% no religion, 0.8% other
  • Area: 338,145 km2
  • Population: 5,614,571
  • Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)
  • GDP (nominal): $54,507 Per capita

Finland (Finnish: Suomi [ˈsuo̯mi] ⓘ; Swedish: Finland [ˈfɪ̌nland] ⓘ), officially the Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta; Swedish: Republiken Finland; listen to allⓘ), is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east, with the Gulf of Bothnia to the west and the Gulf of Finland to the south, opposite Estonia. 

Finland covers an area of 338,145 square kilometers (130,559 sq mi) and has a population of 5.6 million. Helsinki is the capital and largest city. The vast majority of the population are ethnic Finns. Finnish and Swedish are the official languages, with Swedish being the native language of 5.2% of the population. Finland’s climate varies from humid continental in the south to boreal in the north. The land cover is predominantly boreal forest biome, with more than 180,000 recorded lakes.

Finland was first settled around 9000 BC after the last Ice Age. During the Stone Age, various cultures emerged, distinguished by different styles of ceramics. The Bronze Age and Iron Ages were marked by contacts with other cultures in Fennoscandia and the Baltic region. From the late 13th century, Finland became part of Sweden as a result of the Northern Crusades. In 1809, as a result of the Finnish War, Finland became part of the Russian Empire as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland. 

During this period, Finnish art flourished and the idea of independence began to take hold. In 1906, Finland became the first European state to grant universal suffrage, and the first in the world to give all adult citizens the right to run for public office. Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Finland declared its independence from Russia. 

In 1918 the young nation was divided by the Finnish Civil War. During the World War II, Finland fought against the Soviet Union in the Winter War and the Continuation War, and later against Nazi Germany in the Lapland War. As a result, it lost parts of its territory but retained its independence.

Finland remained a largely agricultural country until the 1950s. After World War II, it industrialized quickly and established an advanced economy, with a welfare state built on the Nordic model. This allowed the country to experience overall prosperity and high per capita income.

During the Cold War, Finland officially embraced a policy of neutrality. Since then, it has become a member of the European Union in 1995, the Eurozone in 1999, and NATO in 2023. Finland is a member of various international organizations, such as the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Schengen Area, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization, and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The nation performs exceedingly well in national performance metrics, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life, and human development.

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  • Continent: Western Europe
  • Capital: Paris
  • National language: French
  • Religion: 50% Christianity, 33% no religion, 4% Islam, 2% Buddhism, 1% Judaism, 1% other, 9% unanswered
  • Area: 643,801 km2
  • Population: 68,042,591
  • Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)
  • GDP (nominal): $46,315 Per capita

France (French: [fʁɑ̃s] ⓘ), officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛːz]), is a country located primarily in Western Europe. It also includes overseas regions and territories in the Americas and the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans,[XII] giving it one of the largest discontiguous exclusive economic zones in the world. 

Metropolitan France shares borders with Belgium and Luxembourg to the north, Germany to the north east, Switzerland to the east, Italy and Monaco to the south east, Andorra and Spain to the south, and a maritime border with the United Kingdom to the north west. 

Its metropolitan area extends from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea; overseas territories include French Guiana in South America, Saint Pierre and Miquelon in the North Atlantic, the French West Indies, and many islands in Oceania and the Indian Ocean. Its eighteen integral regions (five of which are overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi) and have a total population of over 68 million as of January 2023.

France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and commercial centre; other major urban areas include Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Lille, Bordeaux, Strasbourg and Nice.

Metropolitan France was settled during the Iron Age by Celtic tribes known as Gauls before Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, leading to a distinct Gallo-Roman culture. In the Early Middle Ages, the Germanic Franks formed the Kingdom of Francia, which became the heartland of the Carolingian Empire. The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned the empire, with West Francia becoming the Kingdom of France in 987. 

In the High Middle Ages, France was a powerful but decentralized feudal kingdom, but from the mid-14th to the mid-15th centuries, France was plunged into a dynastic conflict with England known as the Hundred Years’ War. In the 16th century, the French Renaissance saw culture flourish and a French colonial empire rise. 

Internally, France was dominated by the conflict with the House of Habsburg and the French Wars of Religion between Catholics and Huguenots. France was successful in the Thirty Years’ War and further increased its influence during the reign of Louis XIV.

French Guiana (department of France)

French Guiana (department of France)

  • Continent: South America
  • Area: 84,000 km2
  • Population: 301,099
  • Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)

French Guiana (/ɡiˈɑːnə/ or /ɡiˈænə/; French: Guyane [ɡɥijan] ⓘ; French Guianese Creole: Lagwiyann or Gwiyann, [la.ɡwi.jãn]) is an overseas department of France located on the northern coast of South America in the Guianas. Bordered by Suriname to the west and Brazil to the east and south, French Guiana covers a land area of 83,534 km2 (32,253 sq mi), and is inhabited by 301,099 people.

French Guiana is the second-largest region of France (more than one-seventh the size of Metropolitan France) and the largest outermost region within the European Union. It has a very low population density, with only 3.6 inhabitants per square kilometer (9.3/sq mi). 

Half of its 301,099 inhabitants in 2023 lived in the metropolitan area of Cayenne, its capital. 98.9% of the land territory of French Guiana is covered by forests, a large part of which is primeval rainforest. The Guiana Amazonian Park, which is the largest national park in the European Union, covers 41% of French Guiana’s territory.

Since December 2015, both the region and department have been ruled by a single assembly within the framework of a new territorial collectivity, the French Guiana Territorial Collectivity (French: collectivité territoriale de Guyane). 

This assembly, the French Guiana Assembly (French: assemblée de Guyane), replaced the former regional council and departmental council, which were disbanded. The French Guiana Assembly is in charge of regional and departmental government. Its president is Gabriel Serville.

Fully integrated in the French Republic since 1946, French Guiana is a part of the European Union, and its official currency is the euro. A large part of French Guiana’s economy depends on jobs and businesses associated with the presence of the Guiana Space Centre, now the European Space Agency’s primary launch site near the equator. 

As elsewhere in France, the official language is standard French, but each ethnic community has its own language, of which French Guianese Creole, a French-based creole language, is the most widely spoken. French Guiana is the only territory on the continental mainland of either North or South America that is still under the sovereignty of a European state.

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French Polynesia (French overseas collectivity)

French Polynesia (French overseas collectivity)

  • Continent: South Pacific Ocean
  • Capital: Papeete
  • National language: French
  • Area: 4,167 km2
  • Population: 278,786
  • Currency: CFP franc (₣) (XPF)
  • GDP (nominal): $21,615 Per capita

French Polynesia (/ˌpɒlɪˈniːʒə/ ⓘ POL-in-EE-zhə; French: Polynésie française [pɔlinezi fʁɑ̃sɛːz]; Tahitian: Pōrīnetia Farāni) is an overseas collectivity of France and its sole overseas country. It comprises 121 geographically dispersed islands and atolls stretching over more than 2,000 kilometers (1,200 mi) in the South Pacific Ocean. The total land area of French Polynesia is 3,521 square kilometers (1,359 sq mi), with a population of 278,786 (Aug. 2022 census).

French Southern and Antarctic Lands (territory of France)

French Southern and Antarctic Lands (territory of France)

  • Capital: Saint-Pierre, Réunion
  • National language: French
  • Area: 439,666.4 km2
  • Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)

The French Southern and Antarctic Lands have formed a territoire d’outre-mer (an overseas territory) of France since 1955. Formerly, they were administered from Paris by an administrateur supérieur assisted by a secretary-general; since December 2004, however, their administrator has been a préfet, currently Florence Jeanblanc-Risler, with headquarters in Saint Pierre on Réunion Island.

The TAAF administration, the French Polar Institute Paul-Émile Victor (IPEV) and the French Navy jointly operate the icebreaker Astrolabe which is based out of Reunion. The vessel is used both to bring personnel and supplies to the Dumont d’Urville Station and for research and patrol duties.

FAQs about countries that start with F

Find answers to your most frequently asked questions about countries that start with F, covering topics like travel, demographics, and more. Get the information you need to plan your next adventure in these diverse and unique destinations.

Which country starts with the letter F has the largest area?

When considering countries that begin with the letter F, it’s noteworthy that France stands out as the most expansive. France, a Western European nation, boasts an extensive land area of 643,801 square kilometers. This vast expanse of territory encompasses a diverse range of geographical features and landscapes, from the picturesque vineyards of Bordeaux to the rugged beauty of the French Alps. 

Which country starts with the letter F has the largest population?

When it comes to nations that start with F, France stands out as an incredibly captivating and populous country. France, located in Western Europe, boasts the distinction of being the most densely populated among its alphabetical counterparts. With a staggering population of 68,042,591 people, it is a nation teeming with diversity, history, and culture.

Which country starts with the letter F has the largest GDP (nominal)?

Among all the countries that start with F, the Falkland Islands, which are a British Overseas Territory in the South Atlantic Ocean, stand out as having the highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita. This remote archipelago, known for its rugged beauty and unique wildlife, has a nominal GDP per capita of an impressive $96,962.

> Related post: All countries that start with C: Area, Population & GDP

In this informative passage, we’ve delved into the essential data of countries that start with F, shedding light on their area, population, and GDP. Each of these nations offers a distinct story within the global landscape, contributing to the rich tapestry of our diverse world.

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