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All countries that start with E: Area, Population & GDP

Explore countries that start with E and discover their area, population, and GDP. Get insights into the economies and demographics of these nations in this comprehensive guide with Emily E. Garrison!

Quick Answer about countries that start with E

There are 9 all countries that start with E:

Country Continent Area Population GDP (nominal)
East Germany (German Democratic Republic)* Europe 108,875 km2 16,111,000 N/A
Ecuador South America 283,561 km2 17,483,326 $6,500
Egypt Northeast Africa & Southwest Asia 1,010,408 km2 110,000,000 $17,123
El Salvador Central America 21,041 km2 6,602,370 $5,557
Equatorial Guinea Central Africa 28,050 km2 1,679,172 $6,502
Eritrea Horn of Africa 124,330 km2 3.6-6.7 million $2,670
Estonia Northern Europe 45,339 km2 1,365,884 $45,235
Eswatini Southern Africa 17,364 km2 1,236,126 $11,858
Ethiopia Horn of Africa 1,112,000 km2 107,334,000 $3,719

> Related post: All countries that start with A: Area, Population & GDP

Detailed information about all countries that start with E

Explore Comprehensive Details on Countries That Start with E: Uncover a wealth of information, from geography and culture to economy and history, about countries that start with E. Get a deep dive into each nation’s unique characteristics and discover what makes them stand out from the rest.

East Germany (German Democratic Republic)

East Germany (German Democratic Republic)
East Germany (German Democratic Republic)
  • Continent: Europe
  • Capital: East Berlin
  • National language: German
  • Religion: N/A
  • Area: 108,875 km2
  • Population: 16,111,000 (1990)
  • Currency: East German mark
  • GDP (nominal): N/A

East Germany (German: Ostdeutschland, pronounced [ˈɔstˌdɔɪ̯t͡ʃlant] ⓘ), officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, pronounced [ˈdɔɪ̯.t͡ʃʰə demoˈkʰʁaː.tʰɪ.ʃə ʁe.pʰuˈbliːkʰ] ⓘ, DDR), was a country in Central Europe that existed from its creation on 7 October 1949 until its dissolution on 3 October 1990. Until 1989, it was generally viewed as a communist state, and it described itself as a socialist “workers’ and peasants’ state”.

Before its establishment, the country’s territory was administered and occupied by Soviet forces with the autonomy of the native communists following the Berlin Declaration abolishing German sovereignty in World War II; when the Potsdam Agreement established the Soviet-occupied zone, bounded on the east by the Oder–Neisse line. The GDR was dominated by the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), a communist party, from 1949 to 1989, before being democratized and liberalized under the impact of the Revolutions of 1989 against the communist states, helping East Germany be united with the West. 

Unlike West Germany, SED did not see its state as the successor of the German Reich (1871–1945) and abolished the goal of unification in the constitution (1974). Under the SED rule, GDR was often judged as a Soviet satellite state; Western scholars and academics described it as a totalitarian regime.



  • Continent: South America
  • Capital: Quito
  • National language: Spanish
  • Religion: 86.7% Christianity, 12.9% no religion, 0.4% other
  • Area: 283,561 km2
  • Population: 17,483,326
  • Currency: United States dollar (USD)
  • GDP (nominal): $6,500 Per capita

Ecuador (/ˈɛkwədɔːr/ ⓘ EK-wə-dor; Spanish pronunciation: [ekwaˈðoɾ] ⓘ; Quechua: Ikwayur; Shuar: Ecuador or Ekuatur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador, which literally translates as “Republic of the Equator”; Quechua: Ikwayur Ripuwlika; Shuar: Ekuatur Nunka), is a country in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometers (621 mi) west of the mainland. The country’s capital is Quito and its largest city is Guayaquil.



  • Continent: Northeast Africa & Southwest Asia
  • Capital: Cairo
  • National language: Arabic
  • Religion: Islam (official) (90.64%), Christianity (9.26%), Other (0.1%)
  • Area: 1,010,408 km2
  • Population: 110,000,000
  • Currency: Egyptian pound (LE/E£/£E) (EGP)
  • GDP (nominal): $17,123 Per capita

Egypt (Arabic: مصر Miṣr [mesˁr], Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [mɑsˤr]), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and the Sinai Peninsula in the southwest corner of Asia. 

It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip of Palestine and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. The Gulf of Aqaba in the northeast separates Egypt from Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Cairo is the capital and largest city of Egypt, while Alexandria, the second-largest city, is an important industrial and tourist hub at the Mediterranean coast.

At approximately 100 million inhabitants, Egypt is the 14th-most populated country in the world, and the third-most populated in Africa, behind Nigeria and Ethiopia.

El Salvador

El Salvador

  • Continent: Central America
  • Capital: San Salvador
  • National language: Spanish
  • Area: 21,041 km2
  • Population: 6,602,370
  • Currency: United States dollar
  • GDP (nominal): $5,557 Per capita

El Salvador (/ɛl ˈsælvədɔːr/ ⓘ; Spanish: [el salβaˈðoɾ] ⓘ, meaning “The Saviour”), officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador), is a country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador’s capital and largest city is San Salvador. The country’s population in 2023 was estimated to be 6.5 million.

Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea

  • Continent: Central Africa
  • Capital: Malabo
  • National language: Spanish
  • Religion: 88.7% Christianity, 5.0% no religion, 4.0% Islam, 1.7% traditional faiths, 0.6% others
  • Area: 28,050 km2
  • Population: 1,679,172
  • Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)
  • GDP (nominal): $6,502 Per capita

Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial; French: Guinée équatoriale; Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial), officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: República de Guinea Ecuatorial, French: République de Guinée équatoriale, Portuguese: República da Guiné Equatorial), is a country on the west coast of Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometers (11,000 sq mi). 

Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea, its post-independence name refers to its location near both the Equator and in the African region of Guinea. As of 2021, the country had a population of 1,468,777, over 85% of whom are members of the Fang people, the country’s dominant ethnic group. The Bubi people, indigenous to Bioko, are the second largest group at approximately 6.5% of the population.

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  • Continent: Horn of Africa
  • Capital: Asmara
  • National language: None
  • Area: 124,330 km2
  • Population: 3.6-6.7 million
  • Currency: Nakfa (ERN)
  • GDP (nominal): $2,670 Per capita

Eritrea (/ˌɛrɪˈtriːə/ ⓘ ERR-ih-TREE-ə or /-ˈtreɪ-/ -⁠TRAY-;[15][16][17] Tigrinya: ኤርትራ, romanized: Ertra, pronounced [ʔer(ɨ)trä] ⓘ), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa region of Eastern Africa, with its capital and largest city at Asmara. It is bordered by Ethiopia in the south, Sudan in the west, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.



  • Continent: Northern Europe
  • Capital: Tallinn
  • National language: Estonian
  • Religion: 58.4% no religion, 26.7% Christianity, 12.7% undeclared, 2.2% other
  • Area: 45,339 km2
  • Population: 1,365,884
  • Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)
  • GDP (nominal): $45,235 Per capita

Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia, is a country by the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the sea across from Sweden, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. The territory of Estonia consists of the mainland, the larger islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa, and over 2,200 other islands and islets on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,339 square kilometers (17,505 sq mi). 

The capital city Tallinn and Tartu are the two largest urban areas of the country. The Estonian language is the indigenous and the official language of Estonia; it is the first language of the majority of its population, as well as the world’s second most spoken Finnic language.



  • Continent: Southern Africa
  • Capital: Mbabane
  • National language: Swazi – English
  • Religion: 89.3% Christianity, 7.4% no religion, 0.5% traditional faiths, 2.2% undeclared, 0.6% others
  • Area: 17,364 km2
  • Population: 1,236,126
  • Currency: Lilangeni (SZL)
  • GDP (nominal): $11,858 Per capita

Eswatini (/ˌɛswɑːˈtiːni/ ESS-wah-TEE-nee; Swazi: eSwatini [ɛswáˈtʼiːni]), formally the Kingdom of Eswatini and also known by its former official name Swaziland (/ˈswɑːzilænd/ SWAH-zee-land), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. It is bordered by Mozambique to its northeast and South Africa to its north, west, south, and southeast. At no more than 200 km (120 mi) north to south and 130 km (81 mi) east to west, Eswatini is one of the smallest countries in Africa; despite this, its climate and topography are diverse, ranging from a cool and mountainous highveld to a hot and dry lowveld.



  • Continent: Horn of Africa
  • Capital: Addis Ababa
  • National language: Afar
  • Religion: 67.3% Christianity, 31.3% Islam, 0.6% traditional faiths, 0.8% others / none
  • Area: 1,112,000 km2
  • Population: 107,334,000
  • Currency: Birr (ETB)
  • GDP (nominal): $3,719 Per capita

Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country located in the Horn of Africa region of East Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east and southeast, Kenya to the south, South Sudan to the west, and Sudan to the northwest. Ethiopia covers a land area of 1,112,000 square kilometers (472,000 sq. miles).

As of 2023, it is home to around 116.5 million inhabitants, making it the 13th-most populous country in the world, the 2nd-most populous in Africa after Nigeria, and the most populated landlocked country on Earth. The national capital and largest city, Addis Ababa, lies several kilometers west of the East African Rift that splits the country into the African and Somali tectonic plates.

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FAQs about countries that start with E

Answering your faqs about countries that start with E: Find quick and insightful answers to your burning questions about countries that start with E. Whether you’re curious about their capitals, languages, or famous landmarks, this FAQ section provides you with the essential knowledge you need.

Which country starts with the letter E has the largest area?

When we consider countries whose names begin with the letter ‘E’, Ethiopia stands out as the largest in terms of land area, covering a vast expanse of approximately 1,112,000 square kilometers. This East African nation’s size is truly remarkable, making it one of the largest countries not only in Africa but in the world.

Which country starts with the letter E has the largest population?

Among all the countries that start with E, Egypt stands out as the most populous, boasting a staggering population of approximately 110 million people. This North African nation, which is renowned for its rich history and iconic landmarks such as the pyramids of Giza and the Nile River, is not only one of the most populous countries in the region but also one of the most populous in the entire African continent.

Which country starts with the letter E has the largest GDP (nominal)?

Estonia, a small yet remarkable European nation, stands out among its counterparts that also share the distinct trait of beginning with the letter ‘E’. This Baltic gem boasts an impressive nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of $45,235. To fully appreciate the significance of this figure, it’s crucial to delve deeper into the story of Estonia’s economic success.

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In this insightful guide, we’ve delved into countries that start with E, providing valuable data on their area, population, and GDP. This information sheds light on the diverse economic and demographic landscapes of these nations, helping you gain a deeper understanding of this unique group of countries.

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